Air Layering

Air layering is another method of propagating fig trees, and it can be an effective way to produce a new tree that is genetically identical to the parent plant. Here’s how to air layer a fig tree:

  1. Choose a branch: Select a healthy branch that is at least one year old and has a diameter of about 1 inch.
  2. Make a cut: Make a small cut in the bark of the branch about 12 to 18 inches from the tip. The cut should be about 1 inch long and should go all the way around the branch.
  3. Apply rooting hormone: Apply a small amount of rooting hormone to the cut area.
  4. Wrap with damp sphagnum moss: Take a handful of damp sphagnum moss and wrap it around the cut area. Make sure the moss is tightly wrapped and secure it in place with plastic wrap or a strip of cloth.
  5. Wait and monitor: Keep the moss damp by watering it regularly and check for roots after about 4 to 6 weeks. Once you see roots growing through the moss, you can remove the plastic wrap or cloth and cut the branch off below the new root ball.
  6. Plant the new tree: Plant the rooted branch in a pot or in the ground, and make sure it receives plenty of water and sunlight. Over time, it will grow into a new fig tree.

Air layering is a reliable method for propagating fig trees, but it does require some patience and care. With the right conditions and attention, you can successfully create a new fig tree through air layering.